13 Amazing facts about Ecuador

Here are few facts about Ecuador


The summit of Mount Chimborazo, Ecuador’s highest mountain, is the point on Earth closest to the sun. Due to the mountain’s location along the equatorial bulge, its summit is the farthest point from the Earth’s core. This also means that Ecuador is the closest country to space.


Ecuador was the first country to officially recognize the rights of nature in 2008. Rather than treating nature as property, Ecuador recognizes that nature has constitutional rights and has the, right to exist, persist, maintain and regenerate its vital cycles.


The fascinating Ecuador has the world’s first UNESCO World Heritage Sites. At the first UNESCO World Heritage conference in 1978, 32 sites were on the inaugural list. Each World Heritage Site has a number and site number 1 is the Galapagos Islands and number 2  is the City of Quito.  


Rosalía Arteaga, the first female President of Ecuador, served for only two days. In 1996, she was installed as Vice-President after the election of Abdalá Bucaram. On February 6, 1997, he was removed from office by Ecuador’s Congress. There was a dispute about who should assume the office of the Presidency. Congressional leader Fabián Alarcón was sworn in on February 6, but Arteaga insisted that as VP she should have been next in line—she was then sworn into office on February 9. On February 11, however, Alarcón was once again sworn into office with the support of Congress and the army, and Arteaga resigned.  

Due to the instability of the Ecuadorian Sucre, the citizens worried that their banks would go bankrupt. As a result, the country experienced massive bank withdrawals, which impacted the economy and greatly fueled the downfall of most banks in 1998. As a result, Ecuador’s President Jamil Mahuad had to order all banks closed and changed Sucres for dollars.


Ecuador has an unusual delicacy. Guinea pig, known as cuy, is considered a delicacy in Ecuador, its consumption is seen as an ancient tradition.


The national tree of Ecuador is the cinchona tree which produces Quinine, the first drug used to prevent and treat malaria.


That iconic Panama Hat you adore has its origin from Ecuador. These hats are woven hats made from toquilla palm plants—plants notable for strong, durable fibers. The hats are made in Ecuador and originated from humble regions, despite their dashing imagine today.   


Ecuador is named after the equator which runs through the country. It is the only country in the world officially named after a geographical feature.


In Ecuador, there’s a species of orchid that evolved to look like something that’s bizarrely similar to the face of a monkey. Many say it smells somewhat similar to a ripe orange when it’s in full bloom. The exact species of this orchid is Draculia simia, Dracula refers to its fang-like parts that hang from its petals and simia to its monkey feature.


In 2009, scientists discovered a unique frog species known as the mutable rain frog or punk rocker in the rain forests of Ecuador. This native Ecuadorian species is unique for its ability to change its smooth skin into a spiky exterior in seconds. It is the only vertebrate that can change its skin texture.  


Ecuador is the world’s largest exporter of bananas, accounting for up to 29% of all bananas exported in 2011.


It is amongst the world’s 17 most bio diverse countries, though it tops the world for the density of its biodiversity.

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